The reciprocal transformation is defined as the transformation of x to 1/x. The transformation has a dramatic effect on the shape of the distribution, reversing the order of values with the same sign. The transformation can only be used for non-zero values.

A negative reciprocal transformation is almost identical, except that x maps to -1/x and preserves the order of variables.

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*Statistical concepts explained visually* - Includes many concepts such as sample size, hypothesis tests, or logistic regression, explained by Stephanie Glen, founder of StatisticsHowTo.

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